Journal Publications

(Google Scholar profile for the most current)

70. Ndu, U.; Christensen, G.A.; Rivera, N.A.; Gionfriddo, C.M.; Deshusses, M.A.; Elias, D.A.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2018). Quantification of Mercury Bioavailability for Methylation Using Diffusive Gradient in Thin-Film Samplers. Environ. Sci. & Technol. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.8b00647

69. King, J.F.; Taggart, R.K.; Smith, R.C.; Hower, J.C.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2018). Aqueous Acid and Alkaline Extraction of Rare Earth Elements from Coal Combustion Ash. International Journal of Coal Geology. 195: 75-83. DOI: 10.1016/j.coal.2018.05.009

68. Mutlu, B.K; Cantoni, B.; Turolla, A; Antonelli, M.; Hsu-Kim, H; Wiesner, M.R. (2018). Application of Nanofiltration for Rare Earth Elements Recovery from Coal Fly Ash Leachate: Performance and Cost Evaluation. Chemical Engineering Journal. 349: 309-317. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2018.05.080

67. Hower, J.C.; Qian, D.; Briot, N.J.; Henke, K.R.; Hood, M.M.; Taggart; R.K.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2018). Rare earth element associations in the Kentucky State University stoker ash. Intl. J. Coal. Geology. 189: 75-82. DOI: 10.1016/j.coal.2018.02.022

66. Hsu-Kim, H.; Eckley, C.S.; Achá, D.; Feng, X; Gilmour, C.C.; Jonsson, S.; Mitchell, C.P.J. (2018). Challenges and Opportunities for Managing Aquatic Mercury Pollution in Altered Landscapes. Ambio. 47(2). 141-169. DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-1006-7

65. Schwartz, G.E.; Hower, J.C.; Phillips, A.L.; Rivera, N.; Vengosh, A.; Hsu-Kim H. (2018). Ranking coal ash materials for their potential to leach arsenic and selenium: The relative importance of ash chemistry and site biogeochemistry. Environmental Engineering Science. 35(7). 728-738. DOI: 10.1089/ees.2017.0347

64.Avellan, A.; Stegemeier, J.; Gai, K; Dale, J.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Levard, C.; O’Rear, D.; Hoelen, T.; Lowry, G. (2018). Speciation of Mercury in Selected Areas of the Petroleum Value Chain. Environ. Sci. & Technol. In press. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b05066

63.Gerson, J.; Driscoll, C.T.;  Hsu-Kim, H.; Bernhardt, E. (2018). Senegalese Artisanal Gold Mining Leads to Elevated Total Mercury and Methylmercury Concentrations in Soils, Sediments, and Water. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene. In press.

62. Lefevre, E.; Bossa, N.; Gardner, C.M.; Gehrke, G.E.; Cooper, E.M.; Stapleton, H.M.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Gunsch, C.K. (2018). Biochar and activated carbon act as promising amendments for promoting the complete microbial debromination of tetrabromobisphenol A. Water Research. 128, 102-110. DOI:

61.Wyatt, L; Ortiz, E.; Feingold, B.; Berky, A.; Diringer, S.; Morales, A.M.; Rojas, E.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Pan, W. (2017). Geospatial, Temporal, and Dietary Variables Associated with Elevated Mercury Exposure in Peruvian Riverine Communities Upstream and Downstream of Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining. Intl. J. Environ. Res Public Health. 14(12), 1582. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14121582.

60. Weinhouse, C.; Ortiz, E.J.; Berky, A.J.; Bullins, P.; Hare-Grogg, J.; Rogers, L.; Morales, A.-M.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Pan, W.K. (2017). Hair Mercury Level is Associated with Anemia and Micronutrient Status in Children Living Near Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in the Peruvian Amazon. American J of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 97(6), 1886-1897. DOI:

59.Hower, J.C.; Hood, M.M.; Taggart, R.K.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2017). Chemistry and petrology of paired feed coal and combustion ash from anthracite-burning stoker boilers. Fuel. 199,438-446. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2017.03.007

58.Hood, M. M.; Taggart, R. K.; Smith, R. C.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Henke, K. R.; Graham, U.; Groppo, J. G.; Urine, J. M.; Hower, J. C. (2017). Rare Earth Element Distribution in Fly Ash Derived from the Fire Clay Coal, Kentucky. Coal Combustion and Gasification Products, 9, 22-33. DOI: 10.4177/CCGP-D-17-00002.1

57.Jiang, C.; Castellon, B.T.; Matson, C.W.; Aiken, G.R.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2017). Relative contributions of copper oxide nanoparticles and dissolved copper to Cu uptake kinetics of Gulf killifish (Fundulus grandis) embryos. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 51, 1395-1404. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b04672

56.Schwartz, G.E.; Redfern, L.K; Ikuma, K.; Gunsch, C.K.; Ruhl, L.S.; Vengosh, A.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2016). Impacts of coal ash on methylmercury production and the methylating microbial community in anaerobic sediment slurries. Environ. Sci.: Processes & Impacts. 18, 1427-1439. DOI: 10.1039/C6EM00458J

55.Taggart, R.K.; Hower, J.C.; Dwyer, G.S.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2016). Trends in the rare earth element content of U.S.-based coal combustion fly ashes. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 50(1), 5919-5926. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b00085

54.Matson, C.W.; Bone, A.J.; Auffan, M.; Lindberg, T.T.; Arnold, M.C.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Wiesner, M.R.; Di Giulio,  R.T. (2016) Silver toxicity across salinity gradients: the role of dissolved silver chloride species (AgClx) in Atlantic killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) and medaka (Oryzias latipes) early life-stage toxicity. Ecotoxicology. 25(6), 1105-1118. DOI: 10.1007/s10646-016-1665-3.

53.McEwen, A.R.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Robins, N.A.; Hagan, N.A.; Halabi, S.; Barras, O.; Richter, D.; Vandenberg, J.J. (2016). Residential metal contamination and potential health risks of exposure in adobe brick houses in Potosí, Bolivia. Sci. Total. Environ. 562, 237-246. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.03.152.

52.Gai, K.; Hoelen, T.P.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Lowry, G.V. (2016). Mobility of four common mercury species in model and natural unsaturated soils. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 50(7), 3342–3351. DOI:10.1021/acs.est.5b04247.

51.Schwartz, G.E.; Rivera, N.A.; Lee, S.-W.; Harrington, J.M.; Hower, J.C.; Levine, K.E.; Vengosh, A.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2016). Leaching potential and redox transformations of arsenic and selenium in sediment microcosms with fly ash. Applied Geochemistry. 67, 177-185. DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2016.02.013.

50.Wyatt, L.H.; Diringer, S.E.; Rogers, L.A.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Pan, W.K.; Meyer, J.N. (2016). Antagonistic growth effects of mercury and selenium in Caenorhabditis elegans are chemical species-dependent and do not depend on internal Hg/Se ratios.  Environ. Sci. & Technol. 50(6), 3256–3264. DOI:10.1021/acs.est.5b06044.

49.Lee, S.-W.; Lowry, G.V.; Hsu-Kim, H. Biogeochemical transformations of mercury in solid waste landfills and pathways for release. (2016) Environ. Sci.: Processes & Impacts. 18, 176-189. DOI: 10.1039/C5EM00561B.

48.Maurer, L.L.; Yang, X., Schindler, A.; Taggart, R.K., Jiang, C.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Sherwood, D.R.; Meyer, J.N. (2016). Intrallecular trafficking pathways in silver nanoparticle uptake and toxicity in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nanotoxicology. 10, 831-835. DOI: 10.3109/17435390.2015.1110759.

47.Wilcox, J.; Wang, B.; Rupp, E.; Taggart, R.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Oliveira, M.L.S.; Cutruneo, C. M.N.L.; Taffarel, S.R.; Silva, L.F.O.; Hopps, S.D.; Thomas, G.A.; Hower, J.C. (2015). Observations and assessment of fly ashes from high-sulfur bituminous coals and blends of high-sulfur bituminous and subbituminous coals: Environmental processes recorded at the macro and nanometer scale. Energy & Fuels. 29(11), 7168-7177. DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b02033

46.Pham, A. L.-T.; Johnson, C.A.; Manley, D.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2015). Influence of sulfide nanoparticles on dissolved mercury and zinc quantification by diffusive gradient in thin-films (DGT) passive samplers. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 49(21), 12897-12903. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b02774.

45.Jiang, C.; Aiken, G.R.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2015). Effects of natural organic matter properties on the dissolution kinetics of zinc oxide nanoparticles. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 49(19), 11476-11484. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b02406

44.Lauer, N.E.; Hower, J.C.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Taggart, R.K.; Vengosh, A. (2015). Naturally occurring radioactive materials in coals and coal combustion residuals in the United States. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 49(18), 11227-11233. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b01978.

43.Kucharzyk, K.H.; Deshusses, M.A.; Porter, K.A.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2015). Relative contributions of mercury bioavailability and microbial growth rate on net methylmercury production by anaerobic mixed cultures. Environ. Sci.: Processes & Impacts. 17, 1568-1577. DOI: 10.1039/C5EM00174A.

42.Ticknor, J.L; Kucharzyk, K.H.; Porter, K.A.; Deshusses, M.A.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2015). Thiol-based selective extraction assay to comparatively assess bioavailable mercury in sediments. Environ. Engr. Sci. 32(7), 564-573. DOI: 10.1089/ees.2014.0526

41.Diringer, S.; Feingold, B; Ortiz, E.J.; Gallis, J.A.; Araújo-Flores, J.M.; Berky, A.; Pan, W.K.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2015). River transport of mercury from artisanal and small-scale gold mining and risks for dietary mercury exposure in Madre de Dios, Peru. Environ. Sci.: Processes & Impacts.17, 478-487.DOI: 10.1039/C4EM00567H.  

40.Deonarine, A.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Zhang, T.; Cai, Y.; Richardson, C.J. (2015). Legacy source of mercury in an urban stream-wetland ecosystem in central North Carolina, USA. Chemosphere. 138, 960-965. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.12.038.

39.Hagan, N.; Robins, N.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Halabi, S.; Espinoza Gonzales, R.D.; Ecos, E.; Richter, D.; Vandenberg, J. (2015). Mercury hair levels and factors that influence exposure for residents of Huancavelica, Peru. Environmental Geochemistry and Health. 37 (3), 507-514. DOI: 10.1007/s10653-014-9665-9.

38.Hagan, N.; Robins, N.; Espinoza Gonzales, R.D.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2015). Speciation and bioaccessibility mercury in adobe bricks and dirt floors in Huancavelica, Peru. Environmental Geochemistry and Health. 37(2), 263-272. DOI: 10.1007/s10653-014-9644-1

37.Ruhl, L.S.; Dwyer, G.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Hower, J.C.; Vengosh, A. (2014). Boron and strontium isotopic characterization of coal combustion residuals: Validation of new environmental tracers. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 48(24), 14790-14798. DOI: 10.1021/es503746v.

36.Jiang, C. and Hsu-Kim, H. (2014). Direct in situ measurement of dissolved zinc in the presence of zinc oxide nanoparticles using anodic stripping voltammetry. Environ. Sci.: Processes & Impacts. 16(11), 2536-2544. DOI: 10.1039/c4em00278d.

35.Zhang, T.; Kucharzyk, K.H.; Kim, B.; Deshusses, M.A.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2014). Net methylation of mercury in estuarine sediment microcosms amended with dissolved, nanoparticulate, and microparticulate mercuric sulfides. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 16, 9133-9141. DOI: 10.1021/es500336j.

34.Arnold, M.C.; Lindberg, T.T.; Liu, Y.-T.; Porter, K.A.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Hinton, D.E.; Di Giulio, R.T. (2014). Bioaccumulation and speciation of selenium in fish and insects collected from a mountaintop removal coal mining-impacted stream in West Virginia. Ecotoxicology. 1-10. DOI: 10.1007/s10646-014-1236-4.

33.Pham, A. L.-T.; Morris, A., Zhang, T., Ticknor, J.; Levard, C.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2014). Precipitation of Nanoscale Mercuric Sulfides in the Presence of Natural Organic Matter: Structural Properties, Aggregation, and Biotransformation. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 133, 204-215. DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2014.02.027.

32.Yang, X.; Jiang, C.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Badireddy, A.R.; Dykstra, M.; Wiesner, M.R.; Hinton, D.E.; Meyer, J. (2014). Silver nanoparticle behavior, uptake, and toxicity in Caenorhabditis elegans: Effects of natural organic matter. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 48(6), 3486–3495. DOI: 10.1021/es404444n.

31.Ticknor, J.L.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Deshusses, M.A. (2014). A robust framework to predict mercury speciation in combustion flue gases. J. Hazardous Materials. 264, 380-385. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.10.052.

30.Liu, Y.-T.; Chen, T.-Y.; Mackebee, W.G.; Ruhl, L.; Vengosh, A.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2013). Selenium speciation in coal ash spilled at the Tennessee Valley Authority Kingston site. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 47(24), 14001-14009. DOI: 10.1021/es4041557.

29.Hagan, N.; Robins, N.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Halabi, S.; Espinoza Gonzales, R.D.; Richter, D.; Vandenberg, J. (2013). Residential mercury contamination in adobe brick homes in Huancavelica, Peru. PLoS ONE. 8(9), e75179. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075179.   

28.Hsu-Kim, H.; Kucharzyk, K.H.; Zhang, T.; Deshusses, M.A. (2013). Mechanisms regulating mercury bioavailability for methylating microorganisms in the aquatic environment: A critical review. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 47(6), 2441-2456. DOI: 10.1021/es304370g.

27.Bartov, G.; Deonarine, A.; Johnson, T.M.; Ruh,l L.; Vengosh, A.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2013). Environmental impacts of the Tennessee Valley Authority Kingston coal ash spill. 1. Source apportionment using mercury stable isotopes. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 47(4), 2092-2099. DOI: 10.1021/es303111p.

26.Deonarine, A.; Bartov, G.; Johnson, T.M.; Ruhl, L.; Vengosh, A.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2013). Environmental impacts of the Tennessee Valley Authority Kingston coal ash spill. 2. Effect of coal ash on methylmercury in historically contaminated river sediments. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 47(4), 2100-2108. DOI: 10.1021/es303639d.

25.Ruhl, L.; Vengosh, A.; Dwyer, G.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Schwartz, G.; Romanski, A.; Smith, S.D. (2012). The impact of coal combustion residue effluent on water resources: a North Carolina example.Environ. Sci. & Technol. 46(21), 12226–12233. DOI: 10.1021/es303263x.

24.Gondikas, A.P.; Morris, A.; Reinsch, B.C.; Marinakos, S.M.; Lowry, G.V.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2012). Cysteine-induced modifications of zero-valent silver nanomaterials: Implications for particle surface chemistry, aggregation, dissolution, and silver speciation. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 46(13), 7037-7045. DOI: 10.1021/es3001757

23.Lowry, G.V.; Espinasse, B.P.; Badireddy, A.R.; Richardson, C.J.; Reinsch, B.C.; Bryant, L.D.; Bone, A.J.; Deonarine, A.; Chae, S.; Therezien, M.; Colman, B.P.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Bernhardt, E.S.; Matson, C.W.; Wiesner, M.R. (2012). Long-term transformation and fate of manufactured Ag nanoparticles in a simulated large scale freshwater emergent wetland. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 46(13), 7027-7036. DOI: 10.1021/es204608d

22.Zhang, T.; Kim, B.; Levard, C.; Reinsch, B.C.; Lowry, G.V.; Deshusses, M.A.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2012). Methylation of mercury by bacteria exposed to dissolved, nanoparticulate, and microparticulate mercuric sulfides. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 46(13), 6950-6958. DOI: 10.1021/es203181m

21.Robins, N.; Hagan, N.; Halabi, S.;, Hsu-Kim, H.; Espinoza Gonzales, R.D.; Morris, M.; Woodall, G.; Richter, D.; Heine, P.; Zhang, T.; Bacon, A.; Vandenberg, J. (2012). Estimations of historical atmospheric mercury concentrations from mercury refining and present-day soil concentrations of total mercury in Huancavelica, Peru. Science of the Total Environment. 426, 145-154. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.03.082

20.Gondikas, A. P.; Masion, A.; Auffan, M.; Lau, B. L. T.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2012). Early-stage precipitation kinetics of zinc sulfide nanoclusters forming in the presence of cysteine. Chemical Geology. 329, 10-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2011.06.009

19.Yang, X.; Gondikas, A.; Marinakos, S.M.; Auffan, M.; Liu, J.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Meyer, J.N. (2012). The mechanism of silver nanoparticle toxicity is dependent on dissolved silver and surface coating in Caenohabditis elegans. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 46(2), 1119-1127. DOI: 10.1021/es202417t

18.Shuen, J.A.; Elia, A.R.; Xu, K.; Chen, C.-F. J.; Jiang, A.; Litkowski, E.; Bonhivert, A.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Schwartz-Bloom, R.D. (2011), FEMMES: A one-day mentorship program to engage 4th – 6th grade girls in STEM activities. Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering. 17(4), 295-312. DOI: 10.1615/JWomenMinorScienEng.2011002292

17.Chen, C.-F. J.; Jiang, A.; Litkowski, E.; Elia, A.R.; Shuen, J.A.; Xu, K.; Bonhivert, A.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Schwartz-Bloom, R.D. (2011). Females excelling more in math, engineering, and science (FEMMES): An after-school STEM program for girls that fosters hands-on learning and female-to-female mentorship. Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering. 17(4), 313-324. DOI: 10.1615/JWomenMinorScienEng.2011002293

16.Hagan, N.; Robins, N.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Zhang, T.; Morris, M.; Woodall, G.; Halabi, S.; Bacon, A.; Richter, D.D.; Vandenberg, J. (2011) Estimating Historical Atmospheric Mercury Concentrations from Silver Mining and their Legacies in Present-Day Soils in Potosí, Bolivia. Atmospheric Environment. 45, 7619-7626.DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.10.009.

15.Bryant, L.D.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Gantzer, P.A.; Little, J.C. (2011) Solving the problem at the source: controlling Mn release at the sediment-water interface via hypolimnetic oxygenation. Water Research. 45, 6381-6392. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2011.09.030

14.Aiken, G.R.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Ryan, J.N. (2011). Influence of dissolved organic matter for the environmental fate of metals, nanoparticles, and colloids. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 45, 3196–3201.DOI: 10.1021/es103992s.

13.Deonarine, A.; Lau, B.L.T.; Aiken, G.R.; Ryan, J.N.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2011). Effects of humic substances on precipitation and aggregation of zinc sulfide nanoparticles. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 45, 3217–3223. DOI: 10.1021/es1029798.

12.Ruhl, L.; Vengosh, A.; Dwyer, G.S.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Deonarine, A. (2010). Environmental Impacts of the Coal Ash Spill in Kingston, Tennessee: An Eighteen-Month Survey, Environ. Sci. & Technol. 44, 9272-9278. DOI: 10.1021/es1026739

11.Zhang, T. and Hsu-Kim, H. (2010). Photolytic degradation of methylmercury enhanced by binding to natural organic ligands. Nature Geoscience. 3(7), 473-476. DOI: 10.1038/NGEO892

10.Gondikas, A.P.; Jang, E.K.; Hsu-Kim, H. (2010). Influence of amino acids cysteine and serine on aggregation kinetics of zinc and mercury sulfide colloids. J. Colloid and Interface Science. 347, 167-171. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2010.03.051

9.   Ruhl, L.; Vengosh, A.; Dwyer, G. S.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Deonarine, A.; Bergin, M.; Kravchenko, J. (2009). Survey of the potential environmental and health impacts in the immediate aftermath of the coal ash spill in Kingston, Tennessee. Environ. Sci. & Technol.43, 6323-6333. DOI: 10.1021/es900714p

8.   Deonarine, A. and Hsu-Kim, H. (2009). Precipitation of mercuric sulfide nanoparticles in NOM-containing water: Implications for the natural environment. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 43, 2368-2373. DOI: 10.1021/es803130h

7.   Lau, B.L.T. and Hsu-Kim, H. (2008). Precipitation and growth of Zn-sulfide nanoparticles in the presence of thiol-containing natural organic ligands. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 42, 7236-7241. DOI: 10.1021/es801360b

6.   Hsu-Kim, H.; Mullaugh, K.M.; Tsang, J.J.; Yucel, M.; Luther, G.W. (2008). Formation of Zn- and Fe-sulfides near hydrothermal vents at the Eastern Lau Spreading Center: Implications for sulfide bioavailability to chemoautotrophs. Geochem. Trans. 9:6. DOI: 10.1186/1467-4866-9-6

5.   Waite, T.J.; Moore, T.S.; Childress, J.J.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Mullaugh, K.M.; Nuzzio, D.B.; Paschal, A.N.; Tsang, J.; Fisher, C.R.;  and Luther, G.W. (2008). Variation in sulfur speciation with shellfish presence at a Lau Basin diffuse flow vent site. J. Shellfish Res. 27(1), 163-168.

4.   Hsu-Kim, H. (2007). Stability of Metal-Glutathione Complexes During Oxidation by Hydrogen Peroxide and Cu(II)-Catalysis. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 41, 2338-2342. DOI: 10.1021/es062269+

3.   Tsang, J.J.; Rozan, T.F.; Hsu-Kim, H.; Mullaugh, K.M.; Luther, G.W. (2006). Pseudopolarographic determination of Cd2+ complexation in freshwater. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 40, 5388-5394. DOI: 10.1021/es0525509

2.   Hsu-Kim, H. and Sedlak, D. L. (2005). Similarities between inorganic sulfide and the strong Hg(II)-complexing ligands in municipal wastewater effluent. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 39, 4035-4041. DOI: 10.1021/es050013i

1.   Hsu, H. and Sedlak, D. L. (2003). Strong mercury(II) complexation in wastewater effluent and surface waters. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 37, 2743-2749. DOI: 10.1021/es026438b